Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacognosy Research: The Blog

For specialists working in the pharmaceutical and herbal fields

Assessment of anxiety and depression in HIV-positive patients

Image: pixabay
Article published in Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacognosy Research 8(4): 260-268, 2020.

Hakim El Alama1*, Touria Fatihi2, Adnane Benmoussa3, Amina Barkat1,4

1Research Team on Health and Nutrition of Mother and Child, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco.2 Department of Medicine A, Regional Hospital Center, Beni Mellal, Morocco.3Laboratory of Drug Science, Biomedical and Biotechnological Research. Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy. Hassan II University, B.P. 5696, Casablanca, Morocco.4National Reference Center for Neonatology and Nutrition, Children’s Hospital, Ibn Sina University Hospital Centre, Rabat, Morocco.*E-mail:


Context: Given the psychological disorders caused by HIV and antiretroviral treatment, knowledge of these disorders such as depression and anxiety remains a key element for therapeutic success.

Aims: To evaluate anxiety and depression in HIV-positive patients as well as to detach certain correlations between the level of anxio-depression and parameters such as gender, socioeconomic and socio-cultural status, viral load. It is also to validate the Arabic versions of these inventories and scales within the HIV-positive population.

Methods: The prospective observational study was extended over a 6-month period and included 220 HIV-positive patients. The scales and inventories used to assess anxio-depression were: The Hamilton Depression Scale (HDRS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and the Spielberger’s inventory. Psychological stratification as an original method that has been created to classify patients according to their psychological status and biological parameters of HIV (viral load and CD4 count) was performed.

Results: The gender ratio was 52.78, where 144 (65.46%) were women, the average age was 41.60 ± 11.05 years, 125 patients were single. Anxiety and depression were prevalent in this sample. More than 90% of the patients presented depressing symptomatology and more than 85% anxious symptomatology according to the different scales and inventories. Anxio-depression was related to viral load and CD4 count according to different assessment tools.

Conclusions: This study has shown a high prevalence of anxio-depression, this is a warning signal to avoid any complications or suicidal risk. We have been able to validate the Arabic versions of the inventories and assessment items for anxiety and depression in a sample of Moroccan patients.

Success! You're on the list.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.


This entry was posted on 3 de April de 2020 by in Clinical Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Care, Survey, VIH and tagged , , , , , .

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 3,101 other followers

Flag Counter

JPPRes Sponsored Event (FAPRONATURA 2019)

JPPRes Sponsered Event (ZTIPC 2019)

JPPRes Sponsored Event (FAPRONATURA 2015)

Cuarto Congreso Internacional sobre Farmacología de Productos Naturales (Fapronatura 2015), 20 - 25 de Septiembre de 2015 en Topes de Collantes, Trinidad, Cuba.

Cuarto Congreso Internacional sobre Farmacología de Productos Naturales (Fapronatura 2015), 20 - 25 de Septiembre de 2015 en Topes de Collantes, Trinidad, Cuba.

JPPRes in Instagram

XML JATS Redalyc en R2020

Un modelo, miles de editores, múltiples plataformas.


Buenas Prácticas Farmacéuticas Mercosur

Nutrición Vitoria

Educa tu alimentación

Desayuno con fotones

Un blog de física médica para todos los públicos


Asociación de Familiares de Enfermos de Alzheimer y otras Demencias Neurodegenerativas de Lugo

Blog Hedonista

El placer no es bueno, ni malo, simplemente existe. Gastronomía, vinos, viajes, ocio, cultura, life style, tendencias todo es hedonismo.

Perlita1's Blog

Just another site

BIRRApertorio del Xino

Un patio para dar a conocer infinidad de cervezas y difundir la auténtica cultura cervecera.

Francisco Goncalves - Photographer

La fotografía es la mejor compañía de las historias

Mola Saber

El blog de Carlos Pazos. Grafismos, viñetas de humor sobre ciencia, tecnología y todo lo que mola saber.

Mantenlo Simple

Minimalismo, simplicidad, sencillez e ideas para rumiar


Nunca antes la ciencia fue tan fácil

Al ritmo político

En sintonía con la realidad

La Ciencia es fácil.

La actualidad científica a tu alcance.

For specialists working in the pharmaceutical and herbal fields

PHARMACOSERÍAS Marketing Farmacéutico/Pharmaceutical Marketing

For specialists working in the pharmaceutical and herbal fields

%d bloggers like this: